YEAR 5 SCIENCE PROJECT-FINAL

Part A – Background Research

 Questions Nepal, 25th April 2015 Christchurch, 22nd February 2011
What happened ? An earthquake hit Nepal, Kathmandu An earthquake hit New Zealand, Christchurch
Where did it happen ? Nepal [less then 50 miles northwest of Kathmandu, the country’s capital in central Nepal New Zealand, Christchurch [10 km southeast of the city]
When did it happen ? 25th April 2015 at 06.11am 22nd Februrary 2011 12:51 pm
What was the size of the earthquake ? 11 km 6 km
What was the magnitude of the earthquake ? 7.8 6.3
Were there any aftershocks? How big were they? Two major aftershocks.6.6 and 6.7 magnitudes and a 7.3 earthquake. 10 aftershocks of a magnitude of 4 or more.
Were there any casualties? 8,700 people died. 22,200 people injured. 185 people died. 164 people were injured.
What was the damage? List 3 damages 279,000 people’s home were destroyed, historic temples crumbled and farms destroyed. Roads, waterpipes, cellphone towers were all destroyed
In what way did the earthquake impact the quality and availability of water? Water systems in hillside villages are wrecked/destroyed. The water and sewage pipes were damaged badly. Many people used either a portable toilet or a chemical one.

Part B – Comparison Between Nepal & New Zealand Earthquake

Similarities

There are few similarities between these two earthquakes. The water system were both destroyed, they had big aftershocks and damages. Also both earthquakes had casualties who were injured or died.

The first similarity is that both the Nepal and New Zealand earthquake caused the water system to get destroyed. The people living in the affected areas had to drink tank water for months and they had to use chemical or portable toilet until the water system was repaired.

The second similarity is that they both had some sort of aftershocks. Some aftershocks were big.

The third similarity is that both of the earthquakes caused damage on the infra-structure. This damage of the infra-structure causing another damage in the area. For example, when the high rise building collapsed, it crashed cars and squashed small houses in their surroundings.

The last similarity is that both had casualties in which people died and got injured.

Differences:

Besides those similarities, there were also a few differences between these two earthquakes like the size of earthquakes, the magnitude of the earthquake and the aftershocks and the number of people were injured or died.

The first difference is the size of the earthquake. The size of Nepal earthquake in Kathmandu was 11 kilometers, whereas the size of the earthquake in Christchurch is six kilometers. The Nepal earthquake is almost double sized of the one in Christchurch.

The second difference is the magnitude of the earthquakes and aftershocks. Nepal earthquake was 7.8 in magnitude, whereas the one in Christchurch was 6.3. The major of aftershocks of Nepal earthquake were 6.6, 6.7 and 7.3 in magnitude. The Christchurch earthquake had ten aftershocks with magnitude of 4 or more.

nz aftershocks1

New Zealand: Aftershocks Continue Daily after Christchurch … Tribute to Christchurch http://1aled.konkord-n.ru/christchurch-earthquake-2011.php

The last difference was the number of people who died and got injured. In Nepal, there was 8,700 people died and 22,200 were injured. But in Christchurch, there were 185 people died and 164 people injured. The reason why so many people died or get injured in Nepal earthquake was because it happened early in the morning where most of the people were still asleep. Another reason was because more people live in Kathmandu than people lived in Christchurch, New Zealand. The population in Kathmandu in 2015 was 1,003,285 people. And Christchurch population in 2011 was 367,700 people. I think it is a bit obvious that earthquake in Nepal caused more damages and destroyed more.

Bibliography

  • 2011,Canterbury earthquake, Christchurch city library, viewed 5 March 2016,

22 February 2011 Canterbury earthquake for kids

  • Kelly Montgomery, 2016, Quick facts: What you need to know about Nepal earthquake, Mercy corps, viewed 5 March 2016,

https://www.mercycorps.org/articles/nepal/quick-facts-what-you-need-know-about-nepal-earthquake

  • Uttam Narayan Malla, 2012, National population and housing census 2011, Unstats. un.org, 21 March 2016,

http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/sources/census/2010_phc/Nepal/Nepal-Census-2011-Vol1.pdf

  • unknown, 2016, city population by sex, city and city type,  UNdata A world of information, 22 March 2016

http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=POP&f=tableCode%3A240

  • Eileen McSaveney. ‘Historic earthquakes – The 2011 Christchurch earthquake and other recent earthquakes’, Te Ara – the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, updated 14-Oct-14

http://www.teara.govt.nz/en/historic-earthquakes/page-13

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